5/3/21 UPDATE: Workplace Health & Safety Standards That Must Be Followed to Stay Open

SOURCE: Business.NJ.gov


Every business, non-profit, governmental, and educational entity that requires or permits its workforce to be physically present at a worksite must abide by the standardized operational requirements outlined in Executive Order 192 and listed below in Health & Safety Standards for All Employers.

Businesses must also abide by all additional requirements outlined for their industry listed under Industry-Specific Guidelines.

This article also identifies Businesses that Must Be Closed as well as Gathering Limits in the state of New Jersey.


Health & Safety Standards for All Employers


Every business, non-profit, governmental, and educational entity that requires or permits its workforce to be physically present at a worksite must abide by the following requirements, at minimum, to protect employees, customers, and others who come into contact with its operations:

  • Require workers and customers to maintain at least six feet of distance from one another, to the maximum extent possible;

  • Require everyone to wear face masks, except when an employee is at their workstation at least six feet from others, or is alone in a walled space such as an office—Note that employers may be authorized to prevent individuals who refuse to wear a mask from entering the worksite, where such actions are consistent with state and federal law;

  • Provide face masks for their employees;

  • Provide approved sanitization materials for employees and visitors at no cost to those individuals;

  • Ensure that employees practice hand hygiene and provide ​employees with sufficient break time for that purpose;

  • Routinely clean and disinfect all high-touch areas in accordance with DOH and CDC guidelines;

  • Prior to each shift, conduct daily health checks, such as temperature screenings, visual symptom checking, self-assessment checklists, and/or health questionnaires, consistent with CDC guidance;

  • Do not allow sick employees to enter workplace and follow requirements of applicable leave laws; and

  • Promptly notify employees of any known exposure to COVID-19 at the worksite.

Under federal OSHA law, employers must protect workers from workplace hazards that can cause illness or injury, provide required personal protective equipment (PPE), and ensure its use. It's also against New Jersey Wage and Hour law for an employer to deduct the cost of protective equipment from an employee’s pay. Employees who believe that their employer is not following the protocols articulated in EO 192 can file workplace safety complaints here. Employers can check with the NJDOL about their health and safety questions. The department can be reached by email at SafetyTraining@dol.nj.gov or at 609-633-2587.

NJDOL also offers free health and safety trainings and consultations. For more information on consultations visit www.nj.gov/labor/consultation and for trainings visit www.nj.gov/labor/training.

Detailed requirements and exemptions can be found in Executive Order 192. Many sectors face additional requirements summarized in the articles below.


Industry-Specific Guidelines


Under Executive Order 195, municipalities and counties have the option to regulate the operating hours of non-essential businesses after 8 p.m. Municipalities and counties cannot impose other actions that differ from statewide rules, such as restrictions on essential businesses, full business closures, or restrictions on gatherings or capacity.

Retail businesses must follow Department of Health Guidance for Retail Businesses, and Administrative Order 2020-22, including limiting occupancy to 50% of store capacity, and installing a physical barrier where possible. On Wednesday, May 19, percentage-based indoor and outdoor capacity limits are expected to be lifted. Instead, businesses must limit indoor and outdoor capacity to a number that ensures all individuals or groups of people can remain six feet apart. Retail businesses can allow customers to use self-service food, such as buffets and salad bars, but must limit self-service food and drink stations to those that can be routinely cleaned and disinfected. While indoor portions of malls may be open, valet parking, communal play areas, and communal seating remain closed. Food courts and in-mall entertainment businesses, must follow guidelines for indoor dining and entertainment businesses respectively. Vending machines and stroller rentals may be open.

Food or beverage establishments must follow DOH Protocols for Outdoor Dining, Safety Standards for Indoor Dining, Executive Order 194, 230, and DCA's guidance for the use of outdoor space. The indoor capacity limit is 50%, not including employees. On Wednesday, May 19, indoor capacity limits are expected to be removed and tables may seat more than 8 people. Municipalities or counties may regulate the hours of in-person restaurant service after 8 p.m. Restaurants are allowed to have groups at indoor tables closer than six feet if they are separated by barriers that comply with DOH guidance. Areas with a fixed roof and two sides open (comprising over 50% of total wall space) may operate under outdoor dining rules in EO 163. Under Senate Bill 3340, restaurants may expand outdoor dining premises through November 30, 2022, or whenever indoor dining returns to full capacity—whichever is later—according to the permit process outlined by the ABC.

Bars are not permitted to have individuals standing or sitting at the bar. Effective Friday, May 7, indoor bar seating and buffets at bars and restaurants may resume. Professional caterers can read more about requirements under indoor catering guidance. Restaurants are allowed to set up heated, plastic domes outdoors limited to one group each and subject to rules in EO 194 and 163. Establishments maintaining tents must apply for a Uniform Construction Code (UCC) permit from their local construction office; a required permit for any electrical equipment, wiring, or mechanical equipment must also be filed; operational items such as portable cooking equipment and propane heaters should comply with the Uniform Fire Code and be addressed by the local fire official. Holders of summer seasonal retail consumption licenses may continue to sell alcoholic beverages until January 14, 2022, under Assembly Bill 4589.

Microbreweries and brewpubs may be open for home delivery. Depending on the type of license they hold, food service may be allowed; business owners should consult Executive Orders 150 and 157 and the Division of Alcoholic Beverage Control's ruling to determine if they qualify.

Licensed personal care businesses may be open. Saunas, steam rooms, and shared bathing facilities must remain closed. Licensed businesses must abide by the Division of Consumer Affairs' comprehensive safety standards for Cosmetology, Massage, and Bodywork licensees, and regulations in Executive Orders 194, 219, and 230 including but not limited to 50% capacity (not including employees), providing services by appointment only, and staff-client pairs remaining at least 6 feet apart unless separated by physical barriers. On Wednesday, May 19, percentage-based indoor and outdoor capacity limits are expected to be lifted. Instead, businesses must limit indoor and outdoor capacity to a number that ensures all individuals or groups of people can remain six feet apart. Tattoo and tanning facilities must follow Department of Health standards for tanning and body art establishments. Under Executive Order 157, clients may receive services that require the removal of a face covering, provided that clients wear a face covering at all times before and after the service.

Child care centers must follow Department of Children and Families' Child Care Safety Requirements.

All recreational and entertainment businesses must follow requirements detailed in Executive Orders 157, 181, 183, 219, and 230, including but not limited to 50% capacity for indoor areas, not including employees. On Wednesday, May 19, percentage-based indoor and outdoor capacity limits are expected to be lifted. Instead, businesses must limit indoor and outdoor capacity to a number that ensures all individuals or groups of people can remain six feet apart. Note that any recreational facility providing child care support must comply with all requirements of child care centers, including being licensed by the Department of Children and Families. In addition, amusement parks, theme parks and water parks must follow requirements detailed in the Department of Health’s Standards for Outdoor and Indoor High-Touch Amusement and Recreation Activities. Water parks and pools must also adhere to the requirements of Executive Order 153 and the Department of Health’s Standards for Pools and Aquatic Recreation Facilities. Recreational businesses that offer indoor fitness classes and activities must also follow the Department of Health's Guidance for Health Clubs/Gyms/Fitness Centers and abide by the limit on indoor gatherings, currently limited to 25 people.

Entertainment centers where performances are viewed or given must follow requirements in Executive Orders 183, 219, 230 and including but not limited to 35% capacity or 150 people, whichever is less (not including staff). On Friday, May 7, New Jersey plans to increase the limit for indoor performances at entertainment centers to 50% capacity, but no more than 250 individuals. On Wednesday, May 19, percentage-based indoor and outdoor capacity limits are expected to be lifted . Instead, businesses must limit indoor and outdoor capacity to a number that ensures all individuals or groups of people can remain six feet apart. In addition, the limit for indoor performances is expected to increase to 100% of a room’s capacity but no more than 250 individuals. Large indoor venues should check for additional updates under the Indoor Gatherings section of this page. Outdoor performances at outdoor entertainment centers, including movie theaters, performing arts centers, and other concert venues, are limited to a number that ensures that all people can remain six feet apart, but no more than 200 people. On Wednesday, May 19, the outdoor gathering limit is expected to be removed.

Gyms and fitness centers must follow the required safety policies detailed in Executive Orders 157, 181, 219, and 230 and the Department of Health's Guidance for Health Clubs/Gyms/Fitness centers, including, but not limited to: 50% capacity indoors, not including employees; fitness classes with capacity limited to one customer per every 200 square feet of classroom space, and no more than 25 individuals (per indoor gathering limits). On Wednesday, May 19, the general indoor gathering limit is expected to increase to 50 people. The following protocols must be followed: logs maintained of when all gym members and staff are in the facility; equipment spaced to allow a minimum of 6-feet of distance between all gym-goers; and equipment only made available that can be properly sanitized in-between uses. On Wednesday, May 19, percentage-based indoor and outdoor capacity limits are expected to be lifted. Instead, businesses must limit indoor and outdoor capacity to a number that ensures all individuals or groups of people can remain six feet apart.

Casinos must follow all requirements from Executive Orders 157, 158, 194, 219, and 230, the Division of Gaming Enforcement, and reopening protocols from the Casino Association of New Jersey, including but not limited to: 50% capacity, not including employees; smoking prohibited indoors; reopening plans submitted to the Division of Gaming Enforcement. On Wednesday, May 19, percentage-based indoor and outdoor capacity limits are expected to be lifted. Instead, businesses must limit indoor and outdoor capacity to a number that ensures all individuals or groups of people can remain six feet apart. Note that municipalities or counties may to regulate the hours of operation of in-person food service after 8 p.m.

Hotels, motor hotels, motels, and other established guesthouses must follow written policies as defined in Department of Health Protocols for Hotel Sanitization and Executive Order No. 192.

Organized sports activities must follow Department of Health Guidance for Sports Activities, and Executive Order 204 and 230. Private fitness classes, lessons, and trainings at gyms, studios and similar locations are permitted to continue but must abide by the indoor gathering limit of 25 people. Private fitness classes, lessons, trainings at gym studios, organized sports practices and competitions are limited by the general indoor gatherings limit of 25 people and the general outdoor gatherings limit of 200 people. On Wednesday, May 19, the general indoor gathering limit is expected to increase to 50 people. There are exceptions, described below:

Athletes, coaches, referees and other individuals necessary for professional, collegiate or youth sports competition are not counted towards the 50-person limit. Outdoor and indoor youth and collegiate sports can further exceed the 50-person limit by up to two parents or guardians per athlete. All indoor interstate games and tournaments up to and including the high school level are prohibited. All outdoor interstate youth sports competitions will be permitted. Indoor youth sports cannot exceed 35% of the room's capacity or 150 people total. On Friday, May 7, New Jersey plans to increase the cap on indoor youth sports practices and competitions to 50% of the room in which they are held, but limit the attendees to athletes, staff, coaches, up to two parents or guardians per participating athlete and other necessary persons. Indoor collegiate sports are able to exceed 150 people, but are still limited by 35% of room's capacity. On Friday, May 7, New Jersey plans to increase the cap on indoor collegiate sports practices and competitions to 50% of the room in which they are held, but limit the attendees to athletes, staff, coaches, up to two parents or guardians per participating athlete and other necessary persons. Professional sports are capped at 35% of the room’s capacity, but no more than 150 people. On Friday, May 7, New Jersey plans to increase the cap on professional practices and competitions 50% of the room in which they are held, but no more than 250 individuals.

Large indoor and outdoor venues should check for additional updates under the Indoor Gatherings section and Outdoor Gathering section of this page.

Career and training schools must follow protocols in Paragraph 10 of Executive Order 155.

Horse-racing can take place. Gathering limits apply. Racetracks must comply with requirements from Executive Order No. 157, Executive Order No. 192, Executive Order No. 230, Administrative Order 2020-14, Administrative Order No. 2020-20, and any guidance from the New Jersey Racing Commission.

Transportation Carriers must comply with restrictions in Paragraph 1 of Executive Order 125 and Executive Order No. 192. Carnivals and Fairs are expected to be able to operate at the amusement business capacity (currently 50% capacity) on Friday, May 7, 2021.

Residential and overnight camps will be allowed to reopen this summer. For a full list of required safety policies, refer to the Department of Health's 2021 COVID-19 Youth Summer Camp Standards.

Construction projects, including nonessential construction, must follow all protocols in Paragraph 2 of Executive Order 142 and Executive Order No. 192.

Medical facilities may continue to operate. Facilities conducting elective services are required to comply with Guidance for Hospitals to Resume Elective Services [PDF] and Guidance for Ambulatory Surgery Centers to Resume Elective Services. Further NJDOH Legal and Regulatory Compliance documentation is available from the department as well.


Businesses That Must Be Closed


Adult Day Care Centers remain closed.



Gathering Limits


Indoor gatherings are limited to 25 persons. On Wednesday, May 19, the general indoor gathering limit is expected to increase to 50 people and will apply to general social gatherings, such as birthday parties and events in people’s homes. On Wednesday, May 19, indoor business gatherings and organized gatherings (e.g. conferences, expositions, meetings of fraternal organizations, job trainings, events hosted by senior centers) will be limited to 250 people, so long as social distancing can be maintained. Religious events, including wedding ceremonies, funerals, and memorial services are an exception, and are limited to 50% of a room's capacity. There is also an exception for political activities, performances, wedding ceremonies, funerals and memorial services that don't involve a religious service, these activities are limited to 35% of a room's capacity or 150 persons, whichever is lower. On Friday, May 7, New Jersey plans to increase the limit for all indoor wedding ceremonies, funerals and memorial services to 50% capacity, but no more than 250 individuals.

Wedding receptions will follow the same rules as listed above, this number may exclude venue staff for both receptions and ceremonies. Wedding receptions and ceremonies must follow NJ's indoor dining guidelines.

On Wednesday, May 19, indoor political activities as well as indoor religious services and celebrations are expected to increase, and be held at 100% of a room’s capacity, but no more than 250 individuals, so long as social distancing can be maintained.

Indoor catered events with professional caterers or at dining establishments are limited to 35% of a room's capacity, but no more than 150 people. On Friday, May 7, New Jersey plans to increase the limit for indoor catered events to 50% capacity, but no more than 250 individuals. These events will need to follow all relevant protocols for indoor dining, which include requirements that attendees wear masks and which prohibit venues from opening dance floors. On Friday, May 7, New Jersey plans to allow dance floors at private catered events to reopen, with masking and social distancing requirements in place, meaning groups would have to stay six feet apart on the dance floor. Dance floors will remain closed at bars and other related businesses, such as night clubs. On Wednesday, May 19, indoor catered events are expected to be held at 100% of a room’s capacity, but no more than 250 individuals. Individuals or groups of people must remain six feet apart.

Large indoor venues with fixed seating capacity of 2,500 or more may host indoor events at 20% capacity. All attendees including individuals or groups of individuals that purchase tickets together must remain six feet apart. On Wednesday, May 19, the large indoor venue capacity limit will increase to 30% and will apply to all venues with a fixed seating capacity of 1,000 or more.

Outdoor gatherings are limited to 200 persons, with an exception allowing no limits for outdoor wedding ceremonies, funerals, memorial services, religious activities, or political activities. Outdoor wedding receptions can have up to 150 people outdoors, excluding venue staff. For more information on the distinction between wedding ceremonies and receptions visit the COVID Hub. Venues with fixed seating capacity of 2,500 or more may host outdoor events at 30% capacity. On Friday, May 7, New Jersey plans to increase the general outdoor gathering limit to a maximum of 500 people. Outdoor gathering limits are expected to be removed on Wednesday, May 19.

Large outdoor venues with fixed seating capacity of 2,500 or more may host indoor events at 20% capacity and outdoor events at 30% capacity.Participants, such as athletes and performers, and staff, such as coaches and ushers, are not counted towards these capacity limits. On Friday, May 7, New Jersey plans to adjust the outdoor capacity for large venues with a fixed seating capacity of 1,000 or more to 50% capacity. On Wednesday, May 19, the outdoor gathering limit is expected to be removed.

If any business is violating the required guidelines, you can report it to the State at covid19.nj.gov/violation, or to your Local Health Department, which you can identify with the Find Your Local Health Department tool.


Source: Executive Order Nos. 107, 108, 110, 133, 142, 147, 149, 150, 152, 153, 154, 155, 157, 161, 163, 181, 192, 194, 195, 204, 219, 230; Administrative Orders 2020-5, 2020-6, 2020-8, 2020-10, 2020-11, 2020-13, 2020-15, 2020-22, 2020-24; April 18 Press Release on Marinas and Boatyards


READ MORE:

https://business.nj.gov/covid/required-workplace-health-and-safety-standards